Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling | VOL. 62

MACAW: An Accessible Tool for Molecular Embedding and Inverse Molecular Design

Publication Date Jul 20, 2022


The growing capabilities of synthetic biology and organic chemistry demand tools to guide syntheses toward useful molecules. Here, we present Molecular AutoenCoding Auto-Workaround (MACAW), a tool that uses a novel approach to generate molecules predicted to meet a desired property specification (e.g., a binding affinity of 50 nM or an octane number of 90). MACAW describes molecules by embedding them into a smooth multidimensional numerical space, avoiding uninformative dimensions that previous methods often introduce. The coordinates in this embedding provide a natural choice of features for accurately predicting molecular properties, which we demonstrate with examples for cetane and octane numbers, flash points, and histamine H1 receptor binding affinity. The approach is computationally efficient and well-suited to the small- and medium-size datasets commonly used in biosciences. We showcase the utility of MACAW for virtual screening by identifying molecules with high predicted binding affinity to the histamine H1 receptor and limited affinity to the muscarinic M2 receptor, which are targets of medicinal relevance. Combining these predictive capabilities with a novel generative algorithm for molecules allows us to recommend molecules with a desired property value (i.e., inverse molecular design). We demonstrate this capability by recommending molecules with predicted octane numbers of 40, 80, and 120, which is an important characteristic of biofuels. Thus, MACAW augments classical retrosynthesis tools by providing recommen...


Inverse Molecular Design H1 Receptor Muscarinic M2 Receptor Binding Affinity Muscarinic M2 Octane Numbers M2 Receptor Flash Points Synthetic Biology Tools Capabilities Of Biology

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Sep 12, 2022 to Sep 18, 2022

R DiscoverySep 19, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Rainfall projections from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) models are strongly tied to projected sea surface temperature (SST) spatial...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19


Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.