Microbial Cell Factories | VOL. 21
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Lipid production from lignocellulosic biomass using an engineered Yarrowia lipolytica strain

Publication Date Oct 28, 2022

Abstract

BackgroundThe utilization of industrial wastes as feedstock in microbial-based processes is a one of the high-potential approach for the development of sustainable, environmentally beneficial and valuable bioproduction, inter alia, lipids. Rye straw hydrolysate, a possible renewable carbon source for bioconversion, contains a large amount of xylose, inaccessible to the wild-type Yarrowia lipolytica strains. Although these oleaginous yeasts possesses all crucial genes for xylose utilization, it is necessary to induce their metabolic pathway for efficient growth on xylose and mixed sugars from agricultural wastes. Either way, biotechnological production of single cell oils (SCO) from lignocellulosic hydrolysate requires yeast genome modification or adaptation to a suboptimal environment.ResultsThe presented Y. lipolytica strain was developed using minimal genome modification—overexpression of endogenous xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) and xylulose kinase (XK) genes was sufficient to allow yeast to grow on xylose as a sole carbon source. Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGA1) expression remained stable and provided lipid overproduction. Obtained an engineered Y.lipolytica strain produced 5.51 g/L biomass and 2.19 g/L lipids from nitrogen-supplemented rye straw hydrolysate, which represents an increase of 64% and an almost 10 times higher level, respectively, compared to the wild type (WT) strain. Glucose and xylose were depleted after 120 h of fermentation. No increase in byproducts such as xylitol was observed.ConclusionsXylose-ric...

Concepts

Production Of Single Cell Oils Genome Modification Yarrowia Lipolytica Strain Xylulose Kinase Single Cell Oils Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase Lipolytica Strain Xylitol Dehydrogenase Mixed Sugars Low-cost Feedstock

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