To determine the concentration of the pro-angiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor VEGF(165) (VEGF) and the anti-angiogenic VEGF(165b) in vitreous samples of patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in comparison to patients without retinal occlusive disease. Experimental laboratory investigation. Vitreous samples were collected from patients undergoing surgery for arteriovenous dissection after BRVO, radial optic neurotomy after CRVO in the occlusion group, or macular pucker or macular hole in the control group. Concentrations of VEGF and VEGF(165b) were determined by ELISA and an ELISA-type antibody microarray. Average vitreal concentration of VEGF was 8.6 ng/mL in the CRVO group and 2.0 ng/mL in the BRVO group as compared to 0.26 ng/mL in the control group. Average vitreal concentration of VEGF(165b) was 27 pg/mL in the CRVO group, 42 pg/mL in the BRVO group, and 49 pg/mL in the control group. In patients with CRVO and BRVO, the angiogenic balance was shifted towards angiogenic stimulation. The severity of RVO from BRVO to CRVO correlates with an increase of VEGF and the decrease of VEGF(165b), indicating a pro-angiogenic shift. Altering the ratio of VEGF(165b)/VEGF(165) might be a feasible approach for treating retinal occlusive diseases.

Full Text

Published Version
Open DOI Link

Get access to 115M+ research papers

Discover from 40M+ Open access, 2M+ Pre-prints, 9.5M Topics and 32K+ Journals.

Sign Up Now! It's FREE

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call