Background Transdiaphragmatic intrapericardial herniation (DIPH) of intra-abdominal organs is a rare but potentially life-threatening phenomenon often requiring urgent repair. There are currently no guidelines on the preferred repair technique in this situation. Methods Retrospective case report with long-term follow-up. We describe a case in which the left liver herniated into the pericardium after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using the right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA). Results Urgent laparoscopic reduction of the liver herniation and repair of the large diaphragmatic defect was performed using an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) mesh in a 50 year old male patient. Hemodynamic instability normalized after the hernia reduction. The postoperative course was uneventful. CT-scan evaluation after 9 and 20 years of follow-up showed perfect integrity of the mesh. Conclusion A laparoscopic approach for DIPH is feasible in emergency situations provided sufficient hemodynamic stability of the patient. On-lay ePTFE mesh repair is a valid option for such repairs. We illustrate the long-term durability and safety of ePTFE for DIPH repair in what seems to be by far the longest documented follow-up after laparoscopic ePTFE mesh repair for DIPH.

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