New Zealand Journal of Botany | VOL. ahead-of-print

Inferring the biogeography of New Zealand’s only endemic holoparasitic plant, the threatened Dactylanthus taylorii (Mystropetalaceae)

Publication Date Feb 18, 2022


ABSTRACT Despite a rich history of botanical research, little is known about the distribution of genetic variation within New Zealand plant species. With a native vascular flora that consists of ∼80% endemics, nearly one-half of which are threatened, there is a dire need for a better understanding of intraspecific diversity for individual plant species and of biogeographic patterns for the wider New Zealand flora. To these ends, we have investigated population genetic structure in the endemic root holoparasite, Dactylanthus taylorii (pua o te Rēinga, Mystropetalaceae). A total of 235 individuals from 31 locations across the North Island of New Zealand (Te Ika-a-Māui, Aotearoa) were genotyped for a suite of nuclear microsatellite loci. Genotype data were analysed at the individual and population levels to assess genetic diversity within and among populations and to investigate the geographic distribution of genetic variation within the species. Population structure was assessed using Bayesian clustering, discriminant analysis of principal components, and a Neighbor-Net analysis. A hierarchical pattern of genetic diversity was revealed, with evidence for three broad geographic regional groupings (West, East, and Central Volcanic Plateau (CVP)). Upon further analysis, each of the three geographic groups further subdivide hierarchically into two or three genetic subgroups. Genetic diversity was found to be relatively high in this endangered species but varies considerably across populations. The distribution of genetic groups ap...


Geographic Groupings Central Volcanic Plateau Distribution Of Genetic Groups Discriminant Analysis Of Principal Components Island Of New Zealand Native Vascular Flora Central Volcanic Zone Neighbor-Net Analysis Zealand Flora Genetic Diversity

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