The Journal of Antibiotics
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In vitro activity of celastrol in combination with thymol against carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates

Publication Date Sep 27, 2022

Abstract

AbstractKlebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen causing nosocomial and community-acquired infections. Klebsiella has developed resistance against antimicrobials including the last resort class; carbapenem. Currently, treatment options for carbapenem-resistant-Klebsiella (CRK) are very limited. This study aims to restore carbapenem effectiveness against CRK using celastrol and thymol. Clinical Klebsiella isolates were identified using biochemical and molecular methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined using disk-diffusion method. Carbapenemase-production was tested phenotypically and genotypically. Celastrol and thymol-MICs were determined and the carbapenemase-inhibitory effect of sub-MICs was investigated. Among 85 clinical Klebsiella isolates, 72 were multi-drug-resistant and 43 were meropenem-resistant. Phenotypically, 39 isolates were carbapenemase-producer. Genotypically, blaNDM1 was detected in 35 isolates, blaVIM in 17 isolates, blaOXA in 18 isolates, and blaKPC was detected only in 6 isolates. Celastrol showed significant inhibitory effect against carbapenemase-hydrolytic activity. Meropenem-MIC did not decrease in presence of celastrol, only 2-fold decrease was observed with thymol, while 4–64 fold decrease was observed when meropenem was combined with both celastrol and thymol. Furthermore, thymol increased CRK cell wall-permeability. Molecular docking revealed that celastrol is superior to thymol for binding to KPC and VIM-carbapenemase. Our study showed that celastrol is a promising inhibito...

Concepts

Folds In Presence Clinical Klebsiella Isolates carbapenem-resistant-Klebsiella Triple Combination Community-acquired Infections 2-fold Decrease Activity Of Β-lactams Disk-diffusion Method Antimicrobial Susceptibility Clinical Isolates

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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