Separation and Purification Technology | VOL. 233
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In-situ SIFSIX-3-Cu growth into melamine formaldehyde sponge monolith for CO2 efficient capture

Publication Date Feb 1, 2020

Abstract

Abstract CO2 adsorption separation by metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is an efficient carbon capture and storage method. We proposed a strategy of two-step in-situ MOFs growth in porous carrier to prepare high efficient CO2 adsorbent for low concentration CO2 adsorption. At first, metal ions were introduced into the pores of melamine formaldehyde sponge (MFS) monolith carriers onto which inner walls a thin layer of PVA was adhered in advance, then organic ligands were introduced into the pores of MFS. The thin PVA layer greatly strengthened the anchoring of MOFs in the carriers. The in-situ MOFs growth in MFS effectively avoided crystals stack together, presented a multi-level pore structure in fixed bed, which is beneficial for gas diffusion with rapid adsorption kinetics. The CO2 adsorption was carried out in a fixed bed by conducting breakthrough experiments. The MOFs crystals uniformly grown in pores of MFS. The monolith composite adsorbent prepared at 6 % organic ligand, with MOFs loading ratio of 5 g · g − 1 (carrier), showed good CO2 uptake value of 1.02 mmol · g − 1 (adsorbent) in the CO2/N2 atmosphere with CO2 concentration of 5000 PPM at 20 °C. By secondary growth, higher MOFs loading ratio and desired morphology crystals were achieved. The effects of CO2 concentration and gas flow rate on adsorption properties of the secondary-growth adsorbent were investigated. The working CO2 capacity was better than that of 13X zeolite. The presence of 21 vol % O2 did not influence the CO2 adsorption. After 10 cycles adsorption...

Concepts
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Metal-organic Frameworks
Adsorption
CO2 Adsorption
Melamine
Growth
Multi-level Pore Structure
Concentration
Efficient Carbon Capture
Sponge
Formaldehyde

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