Vascular calcification is characterized by mineral deposition in the vasculature, which is triggered by chronic systemic inflammation, including psoriasis. Psoriasis is an IL-17A-mediated inflammatory skin disease that is associated with exacerbated vascular calcification and high cardiovascular mortality. Although previous studies have shown that IL-17A induces vascular dysfunction in murine psoriasis models, it has not been clarified whether IL-17A induces vascular calcification. In this study, we investigated the potential vascular calcification-inducing effect of IL-17A in an exvivo culture system. Thoracic and abdominal aortas from mice were cultured in a medium supplemented with inorganic phosphate and were treated with inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-17A). Vascular calcification was determined using micro-computed tomography (CT) and histological analyses. IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 did not significantly promote vascular calcification, whereas IL-17A significantly accelerated vascular calcification of the aorta, as indicated by the increased mineralized volume based on micro-CT analysis. Micro-CT and histological analyses also revealed that the promoting effect of IL-17A on vascular calcification was concentration dependent. IL-17A significantly promoted vascular calcification in exvivo cultured aortas, which suggests that this mechanism is involved in the increased risk of cardiovascular events in IL-17A-mediated inflammatory diseases.

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