Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling | VOL. 62
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Identification of Small-Molecule Inhibitors of Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 Signaling via In Silico Hot Spot Prediction and Molecular Docking to α-Klotho

Publication Date Jul 22, 2022

Abstract

Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a therapeutic target for treating hereditary and acquired hypophosphatemic disorders, such as X-linked hypophosphatemic (XLH) rickets and tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO), respectively. FGF23-induced hypophosphatemia is mediated by signaling through a ternary complex formed by FGF23, the FGF receptor (FGFR), and α-Klotho. Currently, disorders of excess FGF23 are treated with an FGF23-blocking antibody, burosumab. Small-molecule drugs that disrupt protein/protein interactions necessary for the ternary complex formation offer an alternative to disrupting FGF23 signaling. In this study, the FGF23:α-Klotho interface was targeted to identify small-molecule protein/protein interaction inhibitors since it was computationally predicted to have a large fraction of hot spots and two druggable residues on α-Klotho. We further identified Tyr433 on the KL1 domain of α-Klotho as a promising hot spot and α-Klotho as an appropriate drug-binding target at this interface. Subsequently, we performed in silico docking of ∼5.5 million compounds from the ZINC database to the interface region of α-Klotho from the ternary crystal structure. Following docking, 24 and 20 compounds were in the final list based on the lowest binding free energies to α-Klotho and the largest number of contacts with Tyr433, respectively. Five compounds were assessed experimentally by their FGF23-mediated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activities in vitro, and two of these reduced activities significantly. Both these com...

Concepts

Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 Tumor-induced Osteomalacia Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinase Activities Half Maximal Inhibitory Concentration Hot Spot X-linked Hypophosphatemic FGF Receptor Number Of Contacts Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinase Interaction Inhibitors

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