Medical Care | VOL. 61
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Hospital-based Health Information Technology Infrastructure

Publication Date Nov 7, 2022

Abstract

Alzheimer disease and related dementia (ADRD) is one of the most expensive health conditions in the United States. Understanding the potential cost-savings or cost-enhancements of Health Information Technology (HIT) can help policymakers understand the capacity of HIT investment to promote population health and health equity for patients with ADRD. This study examined access to hospital-based HIT infrastructure and its association with racial and ethnic disparities in Medicare payments for patients with ADRD. We used the 2017 Medicare Beneficiary Summary File, inpatient claims, and the American Hospital Association Annual Survey. Our study focused on community-dwelling Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries who were diagnosed with ADRD. Our study focused on hospital-based telehealth-postdischarge (eg, remote patient monitoring) and telehealth-treatment (eg, psychiatric and addiction treatment) services. Results showed that hospital-based telehealth postdischarge services were associated with significantly higher total Medicare payment and acute inpatient Medicare payment per person per year among patients with ADRD on average. The associations between hospital-based telehealth-treatment services and payments were not significant. However, the association varied by patient's race and ethnicity. The reductions of the payments associated with telehealth postdischarge and treatment services were more pronounced among Black patients with ADRD. Telehealth-treatment services were associated with significant payment reductions among...

Concepts

Alzheimer Disease And Related Dementia Black Patients Health Information Technology Treatment Services American Hospital Association Annual Survey Expensive Health Conditions Medicare Payment Population Health Equity Hispanic Patients Hospital-based Services

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