iScience | VOL. 25
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High-level correction of the sickle mutation is amplified invivo during erythroid differentiation.

Publication Date Jun 17, 2022

Abstract

A point mutation in sickle cell disease (SCD) alters one amino acid in the β-globin subunit of hemoglobin, with resultant anemia and multiorgan damage that typically shortens lifespan by decades. Because SCD is caused by a single mutation, and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) can be harvested, manipulated, and returned to an individual, it is an attractive target for gene correction. An optimized Cas9 ribonucleoprotein (RNP) with an ssDNA oligonucleotide donor together generated correction of at least one β-globin allele in more than 30% of long-term engrafting human HSCs. After adopting a high-fidelity Cas9 variant, efficient correction with minimal off-target events also was observed. Invivo erythroid differentiation markedly enriches for corrected β-globin alleles, indicating that erythroblasts carrying one or more corrected alleles have a survival advantage. These findings indicate that the sickle mutation can be corrected in autologous HSCs with an optimized protocol suitable for clinical translation.

Concepts

Sickle Cell Disease Hematopoietic Stem Cells Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cells Sickle Mutation Multiorgan Damage Ribonucleoprotein Erythroid Differentiation Survival Advantage Single Mutation Point Mutation

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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