Environmental Research Letters | VOL. 15
Read

Greater stability of carbon capture in species-rich natural forests compared to species-poor plantations

Publication Date Feb 18, 2020

Abstract

Tree plantations and forest restoration are leading strategies for enhancing terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration and mitigating climate change. While it is well established that species-rich natural forests offer superior C sequestering benefits relative to short-rotation commercial monoculture plantations, differences in rates of C capture and storage between longer-lived plantations (commercial or non-commercial) and natural forests remain unclear. Using a natural experiment in the Western Ghats of India, where late-20th century conservation laws prohibited timber extraction from monodominant plantations and natural forests within nature reserves, we assessed forests and plantations for aboveground C storage and the magnitude and temporal stability of rates of photosynthetic C capture (gross primary production). Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that species-rich forests show greater temporal stability of C capture, and are more resistant to drought, than monodominant plantations. Carbon stocks in monodominant teak (Tectona grandis) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) plantations were 30 % – 50 % lower than in natural evergreen forests, but differed little from moist-deciduous forests. Plantations had 4 % – 9 % higher average C capture rates (estimated using the Enhanced Vegetation Index – EVI) than natural forests during wet seasons, but up to 29 % lower C capture during dry seasons across the 2000 – 18 period. In both seasons, the rate of C capture by plantations was less stable across years, and decreased more during...

Concepts
Powered ByUnsilo

Forests
Nature
Natural Forests
Drought
America
Enhanced Vegetation Index EVI
Environmental Biology
New York
Columbia University
Carbon

Introducing Weekly Round-ups!Beta

Powered by R DiscoveryR Discovery

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Coronavirus Research Articles published between Oct 11, 2021 to Oct 17, 2021

R DiscoveryOct 18, 2021
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  3

Muhammad Ikbal and colleagues (2021) reported in ‘Visualisasi dan Analisa Data Penyebaran Covid-19 dengan Metode Klasifikasi Naïve Bayes’ that the cov...

Read More

Climate change Research Articles published between Oct 11, 2021 to Oct 17, 2021

R DiscoveryOct 18, 2021
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Junjie Jia et al. (2021) reported in ‘Driving mechanisms of gross primary productivity geographical patterns for Qinghai–Tibet Plateau lake systems’ t...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19

ONE PROBLEM . ONE PURPOSE . ONE PLACE

Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard