A search for emission lines in foreground galaxies in quasar spectra (z(gal) < z(QSO)) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data release 5 (DR5) reveals 23 examples of quasars shining through low redshift, foreground galaxies at small impact parameters (< 10 kpc). About 74,000 quasar spectra were examined by searching for narrow H{\alpha} emission lines at z < 0.38, at a flux level greater than 5 \times 10^-17 ergs cm^-2 s^-1, then confirming that other expected emission lines of the H II regions in the galaxy are detected. The galaxies were deblended from the quasar images to get colors and morphologies. For cases that allow the galaxy and the quasar to be deblended, the galaxies are blue (0.95 <(u-r)< 1.95). Extinction and reddening through the galaxies is determined from the (g-i) color excesses of the quasars. These reddening values are compared with the flux ratio of H{\alpha} to H{\beta}, which reflect the extinction for an undetermined fraction of the sightline through each galaxy. No trends were found relating E(B-V)_(g-i), impact parameter (b), and (u-r) for the galaxies or between E(B-V) derived from (g-i) and that derived from H{\alpha}/H{\beta}. Comparison with previous studies of quasar absorption systems indicate our sample is more reddened, suggesting disk-dominated absorber galaxies. Measurement or limits on galactic, interstellar Ca II and Na I absorption lines are given from the quasar spectrum. No trends were found relating Ca II equivalent width (W (Ca II)) or Na I equivalent width (W (Na I)) to b, but a correlation of r_s = -0.77 ({\alpha} = 0.05) was found relating W (Ca II) and E(B-V)(g-i) .

Full Text

Published Version
Open DOI Link

Get access to 115M+ research papers

Discover from 40M+ Open access, 2M+ Pre-prints, 9.5M Topics and 32K+ Journals.

Sign Up Now! It's FREE

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call