Gadolinium Deposition in the Rat Brain Measured with Quantitative MRI versus Elemental Mass Spectrometry

Publication Date Sep 20, 2022


Background T1-weighted MRI and quantitative longitudinal relaxation rate (R1) mapping have been used to evaluate gadolinium retention in the brain after gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) administration. Whether MRI measures accurately reflect gadolinium regional distribution and concentration in the brain remains unclear. Purpose To compare gadolinium retention in rat forebrain measured with in vivo quantitative MRI R1 and ex vivo laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) mapping after gadobenate, gadopentetate, gadodiamide, or gadobutrol administration. Materials and Methods Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of five groups (eight per group) and administered gadobenate, gadopentetate, gadodiamide, gadobutrol (2.4 mmol/kg per week for 5 weeks), or saline (4.8 mL/kg per week for 5 weeks). MRI R1 mapping was performed at baseline and 1 week after the final injection to determine R1 and ΔR1. Postmortem brains from the same rats were analyzed with LA-ICP-MS elemental mapping to determine regional gadolinium concentrations. Student t tests were performed to compare results between GBCA and saline groups. Results Rats that were administered gadobenate showed gadolinium-related MRI ΔR1 in 39.5% of brain volume (ΔR1 = 0.087 second-1 ± 0.051); gadopentetate, 20.6% (ΔR1 = 0.069 second-1 ± 0.018); gadodiamide, 5.4% (ΔR1 = 0.055 second-1 ± 0.019); and gadobutrol, 2.2% (ΔR1 = 0.052 second-1 ± 0.041). Agent-specific gadolinium-related ΔR1 was detected in multiple forebrain reg...


Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry Gadolinium Concentration Gadolinium-based Contrast Agent Gadobutrol Administration Gadolinium Retention Longitudinal Relaxation Rate Elemental Mass Spectrometry Gadolinium Deposition Forebrain Of Rats Gadolinium-based Contrast Agent Administration

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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