Radiology
Read

Gadolinium Deposition in the Rat Brain Measured with Quantitative MRI versus Elemental Mass Spectrometry

Publication Date Sep 20, 2022

Abstract

Background T1-weighted MRI and quantitative longitudinal relaxation rate (R1) mapping have been used to evaluate gadolinium retention in the brain after gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) administration. Whether MRI measures accurately reflect gadolinium regional distribution and concentration in the brain remains unclear. Purpose To compare gadolinium retention in rat forebrain measured with in vivo quantitative MRI R1 and ex vivo laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) mapping after gadobenate, gadopentetate, gadodiamide, or gadobutrol administration. Materials and Methods Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of five groups (eight per group) and administered gadobenate, gadopentetate, gadodiamide, gadobutrol (2.4 mmol/kg per week for 5 weeks), or saline (4.8 mL/kg per week for 5 weeks). MRI R1 mapping was performed at baseline and 1 week after the final injection to determine R1 and ΔR1. Postmortem brains from the same rats were analyzed with LA-ICP-MS elemental mapping to determine regional gadolinium concentrations. Student t tests were performed to compare results between GBCA and saline groups. Results Rats that were administered gadobenate showed gadolinium-related MRI ΔR1 in 39.5% of brain volume (ΔR1 = 0.087 second-1 ± 0.051); gadopentetate, 20.6% (ΔR1 = 0.069 second-1 ± 0.018); gadodiamide, 5.4% (ΔR1 = 0.055 second-1 ± 0.019); and gadobutrol, 2.2% (ΔR1 = 0.052 second-1 ± 0.041). Agent-specific gadolinium-related ΔR1 was detected in multiple forebrain reg...

Concepts

Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry Gadolinium Concentration Gadolinium-based Contrast Agent Gadobutrol Administration Gadolinium Retention Longitudinal Relaxation Rate Elemental Mass Spectrometry Gadolinium Deposition Forebrain Of Rats Gadolinium-based Contrast Agent Administration

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Nov 21, 2022 to Nov 27, 2022

R DiscoveryNov 28, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  2

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19

ONE PROBLEM . ONE PURPOSE . ONE PLACE

Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.