We investigated the continuous extrusion foaming of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH)/microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) composites using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) as the blowing agent. First, the as-received PVOH pellets were compounded with water to decrease their melting point. Then, they were compounded with an MFC solution to prepare the sample. Both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) showed that the MFC dispersed well in the PVOH/MFC composites. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results showed that adding MFC affected the thermal behavior. This, in turn, affected cell nucleation and cell growth phenomena during foam extrusion. Water also acted as a co-blowing agent, together with scCO2, in creating biodegradable polymer foams with a uniform cell structure and a high cell density. The effects of the MFC content, scCO2 content, and die temperature variations on the cell density and cellular morphology of the PVOH/MFC composite foams were ex...

Full Text

Published Version
Open DOI Link

Get access to 115M+ research papers

Discover from 40M+ Open access, 2M+ Pre-prints, 9.5M Topics and 32K+ Journals.

Sign Up Now! It's FREE

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call