Historically, there have been three primary considerations in the use of flame retardant (FR) additives for polymers: (1) Will it improve the fire performance of the polymer? (2) Does the formulation with the FR additive included maintain acceptable mechanical properties and appearance? (3) Is the cost acceptable? In recent years, it has become clear that a fourth factor must be considered: (4) Does the FR additive introduce unacceptable toxic products into the environment, the food supply, humans, or animals? Thus, it is clear that benefit–harm assessment must now be incorporated into proposals for using FR materials. In addition to the fire safety benefits, the levels of human and animal exposure and the potential health or environmental harm that may ensue should be considered. This chapter considers both the potential benefit and harm of FR chemicals across their life cycle. Three cases of FR additives in furniture, thermal insulation, and plastic television housings are used to exemplify strategies to weigh fire safety benefits against health and environmental harm. It also offers some guidance on moving to alternative strategies that maintain fire safety without creating toxicity problems.
Flame Retardant Additives Benefit Harm Assessment Flame Retardant Environmental Harm Flame Retardant Materials Additives For Polymers Fourth Factor Health Harm Fire Safety Animal Exposure
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Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.
Climate change Research Articles published between Jan 23, 2023 to Jan 29, 2023
Jan 30, 2023
Articles Included: 3
Climate change adaptation has shifted from a single-dimension to an integrative approach that aligns with vulnerability and resilience concepts. Adapt...Read More
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