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First-Generation Biofuels

Publication Date Jul 16, 2015

Abstract

Global energy demand is primarily dependent on the fossil fuel resources, and the energy consumption is growing significantly that will cause increased concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere and depletion of known non-renewable energy resources that will cause threat to future energy security. The fossil resources are regarded as unsustainable in terms of economy, ecology, and environmental perspective. The increased utilization of biomass can play a significant role in replacing conventional fossil-based fuels and reducing emissions due to strict regulations for reducing GHG emissions. Biomass-based fuels can contribute as additional energy resource in the global energy mix. This article has discussed first-generation biofuel, concept of biorefineries, first-generation-feedstock-derived biofuels, global first-generation-biofuel-producing countries/regions and major sustainability challenges. The most common first-generation biofuels include bioethanol, biodiesel, and biogas derived mainly from corn, sugarcane, soybean, vegetable oil, palm oil, wastes, and so on. From the sustainability perspective, first-generation biofuels face numerous sustainability challenges including food and fuel competition, change in land use, potential increased GHG emissions due to fossil fuel utilization in the upstream processes. First-generation biofuels appear unsustainable because of the potential stress that their production places on food commodities. The economic aspects of first-generation biofuel largely depend on th...

Concepts
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First-generation Biofuels
Greenhouse Gases
Major Sustainability Challenges
Global Energy Mix
Greenhouse Gases Emissions
Non-renewable Energy Resources
Concept Of Biorefineries
Type Of Feedstock
Biomass-based Fuels
Change In Land Use

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