World Journal of Clinical Cases | VOL. 10
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Exome analysis for Cronkhite-Canada syndrome: A case report

Publication Date Aug 26, 2022

Abstract

Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) is a rare, non-genetic disorder characterized by multiple gastrointestinal polyps, and ectodermal lesions such as alopecia, fingernail atrophy, and skin mucosal pigmentation. Unfortunately, the pathogenesis of CCS is currently unknown. Here, we describe the case of an elderly female with diarrhea, fatigue, and hair loss, who experienced abdominal pain for over half a year and was found to have multiple gastrointestinal polyps. She was diagnosed with CCS and was treated with albumin supplementation and prednisone, and her electrolyte imbalance was corrected. Following treatment, her symptoms significantly improved. To elucidate the role of potential genetic events in the pathogenesis of CCS, we performed exome sequencing using an extract of her colorectal adenoma. Our data revealed multiple somatic mutations and copy number variations. Our findings provide a novel insight into the potential mechanisms of CCS etiology.

Concepts

Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome Ectodermal Lesions Albumin Supplementation Copy Number Variations Multiple Polyps Somatic Copy Number Variations Colorectal Adenoma Electrolyte Imbalance Hair Loss Multiple Copy Number

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