Previous studies and meta-analysis indicated that rs1344706 was associated with schizophrenia in European population, whereas the conclusions in other populations were disputed. To further explore whether the allele A of rs1344706 would increase the risk of schizophrenia in different populations and update the original meta-analysis, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis worldwide. A literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO and Web of Science (up to 10 July 2019) according to the inclusion criteria. A total of 27 articles were included. Our meta-analysis showed an association between rs1344706 and schizophrenia in total populations [P = 0.000; odds ratio (OR) = 1.105; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.048-1.165], Europe population (P = 0.025; OR = 1.108; 95% CI, 1.013-1.222) and Asian population(P = 0.005; OR = 1.094; 95% CI, 1.027-1.164). Our findings suggested that the risk of single nucleotide polymorphism rs1344706 A-allele may increase the risk of schizophrenia worldwide. Also, this ethnicity-dependent effects of ZNF804A variant on schizophrenia may be related to the opposite allele direction. But to elucidate the underlying biological mechanism, further studies with large participant populations are needed.

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