The article summarizes the dimensions of worldwide military expenditures and of worldwide environmental disruption, and describes how the two interact. Some indirect measures of environmental disruption discussed include atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, species extinction, and exploitation of renewable and natural resources. Air and water pollutants generated by society are said to be related to the gross national product (GNP) or gross global product (GGP). Based on the decade 1969-1978 and using constant dollars, the GGP has been compounding at 4.0 percent (a growth rate that leads to a doubling time of 17 years). For many nations the GNP situation presents a serious conflict between improving the human lot in the short term and preventing ecological deterioration, which would improve the human lot in the longer term. (JMT)

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