In this paper, the environment friendly refrigerant options suitable for automobile air conditioners are reviewed. Initially, the thermophysical, thermodynamic and chemical characteristics of the environment friendly refrigerant options are presented. Then, the reviews of research investigations reported on environment friendly refrigerant options (such as hydrofluorocarbons, hydrofluoroolefins, hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, composite mixed refrigerants and nanorefrigerants) are presented. The limitations and further research needs with environment friendly refrigerant options are identified and listed. The paper concludes that the hydrocarbon refrigerants will dominate the automobile air conditioning sector due to their good thermodynamic, thermophysical and environmental properties. Secondary loop configurations are recommended for the use of hydrocarbon refrigerants to reduce the flammable risk. The carbon dioxide is identified as a good option for electrical vehicles operating at low ambient conditions. The hydrofluoroolefins have short atmospheric life and get decomposed in the atmosphere and form tri-fluoro-acetic acid, which is harmful to the aquatic environment. Hence, hydro-fluoro-olefins are identified as an interim option. The outcome of this review is more helpful to the manufacturers and researchers working in the field of automobile air conditioners.

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