Since 1980s entrepreneurship has been at the heart of public debates involving both goverrnments and people.Entrepreneurship is perceived by the Policymakers as a tool for take-off and sustained economic growth, a tool for combating poverty, unemployment, poor distribution of wealth; People sees entrepreneurship as a means of social and economic integration, an alternative to employment and unemployment, a guarantee of freedom and autonomy… in brief as a social ladder for climbing Maslow's pyramid.Our article focuses on the concept of entrepreneurship and business creation in the Republic of Turkey. Starting from an observation of collective awareness around these concepts, our study questions the reality, on the one hand, the initiatives puten in place by the government and, on the other hand, Turkey's place in a world where entrepreneurial dynamism has become the main factor of social and economical growth and prosperity . In this work we were led to perform a survey on the entrepreneurial situation of the 10 countries considered by the GEI as the first in the ranking. So we plunged into Turkey data to touch the issues and realities of the domain of  entrepreneurship. Through a SWOT analysis Turkey’s entrepreneurship’s strengths, weaknesses as well as opportunities and threats have been highlighted. it is clear that in recent years Turkey has paid particular attention to entrepreneurship and devotes a lot of resources to it. However, even if the repercussions of these efforts are felt through significant economic results, efforts still need to be made to boost innovation, and entrepreneurship in new Technologies, guarantees of independence and sustainable development.

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