While polymer-based membranes and the consistent plants and elements have long been considered and optimized, there are only few studies on optimization of the new generation of carbon-based porous membranes for water desalination. By modeling the elements and their corresponding parameters in a vertical configuration via COMSOL Multiphysics software, an experimental setup was modified that contained various bare and carbon nanotube (CNT)-covered microprocessed porous membranes in parallel and in series. Several design parameters such as inlet pressure, length of outlet, vertical distance of the parallel membranes, and horizontal distances of the series membranes were optimized. Taking advantage of the uttermost surface area of CNTs and the engineered particle trajectory, almost 90% NaCl rejection and 97% Allura red rejection were obtained with very high permeation values. Considering microsized outlets, the results of particle rejections are outstanding owing to the smart design of the setup. The results of this work can be extended to larger and smaller scales up to the point where the governing equations still hold.

Full Text

Published Version
Open DOI Link

Get access to 115M+ research papers

Discover from 40M+ Open access, 2M+ Pre-prints, 9.5M Topics and 32K+ Journals.

Sign Up Now! It's FREE

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call