High electricity demand, as well as emissions generated from this activity impact directly to global warming. Mexico is paying attention to this world difficulty and it is convinced that sustainable economic growth is possible. For this reason, it has made actions to face this problem like as launching constitutional reforms in the power sector. This paper presents an energy model to optimize the grid of power plants in the Mexican electricity sector (MES). The energy model considers indicators and parameters from Mexican Energy Reforms. Electricity demand is defined as a function of two population models and three electricity consumption per capita. Prospectives are presented as a function of total annual cost of electricity generation, an optimal number of power plants—fossil and clean—as well as CO2eq emissions. By mean of the energy model, optimized grid scenarios are identified to meet the governmental goals (energy and environment) to 2050. In addition, this model could be used as a base to identify optimal scenarios which contribute to sustainable economic growth, as well as evaluate the social and environmental impacts of employed technologies.


  • Power in any region of the world is essential for development and economic growth

  • The modelling scenarios are presented in each electricity demand condition at three different conditions: electricity generationcosts, costs,optimized optimized power power plants byby conditions: electricity generation plants number numberand andgenerated generatedemissions emissions conditions: electricity generation costs, optimized power plants number and generated emissions by activity

  • This paper has proposed a model that satisfactorily defines energy scenarios integrated by the optimized matrix of power plants required to satisfy the electricity demand, by optimized costs of electricity generation as well as CO2 eq emissions produced by this process

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Power in any region of the world is essential for development and economic growth. The electricity sector has historically developed under uncertainty and constant changes, especially since the end of the 1980s when the damage to the ozone layer was evidenced [1]. The magnitude of the event gave a global social concern, which is reflected in the Montreal Protocol in 1987 [2], the multilateral treaty on the environment has had the most success in all of history. This treaty subsequently gives rise to international agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol in 1998 [3] until reaching the Sustainable. This high electricity demand brings an environmental impact, which has reached 30% of the total global emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) as Figure 2 shows


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