Read

ENERGY FOR RURAL REQUIREMENTS IN PAKISTAN

Publication Date Jan 1, 1981

Abstract

ABSTRACT Pakistan, an agricultural country which has 75% of its people living in villages, cannot be efficiently fed by the major hydro electric and thermal power stations or by natural gas pipelines. Solar, wind energy and biogas are potential sources available, with the advantage of being decentralized, renewable, and non-polluting. A beginning has been made by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission to investigate solar energy installations for solar water heating and cooling, desalination of sea water, solar pumps for irrigation, refrigeration, and air conditioning by using parabolic reflectors and photovoltaics. The Appropriate Technology Development Organization (ATDO) is looking after five wind mills on the coastal area. The biogas potential of the country is high in view of the large number of cattle in the countryside and the cities and towns (where biogas can supplement the conventional sources of energy). ATDO and ERC (Energy Resource Cell of Government of Pakistan) are looking after these projects, with the universities lending a helping hand in research and development. ERC has standardized a family-sized unit of biogas plant producing 130 cu.ft. of biogas/day (equaling two tons of kerosene per year). Already 75 such plants have been installed. Community-sized gas plants have also been designed and installed to produce 2,000 cu.ft. of gas per day, saving 30 tons of kerosene per annum. The paper ends with the suggestions to formulate long and short term coordinated programs, to provide funds and subsidies to those ...

Concepts

Desalination Of Sea Water Natural Gas Pipelines Wind Mills Thermal Power Agricultural Country Parabolic Reflectors Hydro Electric Power Stations Major Power Stations Major Electric Power Hydro Thermal Power

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Sep 19, 2022 to Sep 25, 2022

R DiscoverySep 26, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Disaster Prevention and Management ISSN: 0965-3562 Article publication date: 20 September 2022 This paper applies the theory of cascading, interconnec...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19

ONE PROBLEM . ONE PURPOSE . ONE PLACE

Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.