Desalination | VOL. 506

Energy efficient supercritical water desalination using a high-temperature heat pump: A zero liquid discharge desalination

Publication Date Jun 15, 2021


Abstract Supercritical water desalination (SCWD) is zero liquid discharge technology that can potentially control the solubility of different electrolytes. However, SCWD is an energy-intensive process and requires high-quality thermal heat (> 450 °C). This study proposes the integration of a high-temperature heat pump to reduce the SCWD energy requirement. The integrated system energy consumption improves by 36% for 3.5% feed concentration and 14% for 20% feed, and the distillate cost reduces by 15% and 10%. Another benefit of the proposed integration is the system can be operated using only electricity as a heat source, as is the case with commonly used high-recovery thermal desalination technology. The integrated SCWD-heat pump system shows superior performance compared to the commercially used brine concentrator and crystallizer system. It is approximately 20% more energy-efficient for 25% feed concentration and 8% cheaper. Hence, the integrated SCWD-heat pump has the potential to outperform the pre-existing high-recovery desalination technology.


High-recovery Desalination Feed Concentration Crystallizer System Brine Concentrator Desalination Technology Integration Of Heat Pump Energy-intensive Process Pre-existing Technology High-quality Heat Thermal Technology

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