Environmental Science and Pollution Research | VOL. 28
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Energy consumption, economic growth, and environmental sustainability challenges for Belt and Road countries: a fresh insight from “Chinese Going Global Strategy”

Publication Date Jul 29, 2021

Abstract

The present study investigated the impact of energy- and economy-related variables on CO2 emissions in 49 countries of the Belt and Road Initiative from 1995-2018. The robust type of cross-section dependence and heterogeneity methods was adopted to analyze data set of countries. Energy consumption, foreign direct investment, medium and high-tech industry, and GDP have been found highly unfavorable for the ecological health (CO2 emissions) in 49 nations on BRI panel. However, renewable energy consumption has been found in positive correlation with environmental quality (CO2). Financial development indicator has no significant impact on CO2 emissions in present study. The present outcomes clearly claim strong relationship of economic growth and energy with increased CO2 emissions in 49 nations. Therefore, it is important for policy makers, experts, and governments to incentivize and appreciate portfolio investors for sustainable green investments to transform the economic growth into a sustainable and energy efficient development.

Concepts

CO2 Emissions Financial Development Indicator Renewable Energy Consumption Road Countries Increased CO2 Emissions Foreign Direct Investment Economic Growth Energy Consumption High-tech Industry Road Initiative

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