Energy | VOL. 169

Energy consumption, carbon dioxide emissions, information and communications technology, and gross domestic product in Iranian economic sectors: A panel causality analysis

Publication Date Feb 1, 2019


Abstract Information and communications technology (ICT) has different effects on energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in economic sectors, nevertheless, sectoral analysis of ICT effects is not addressed in the previous literature, the novelty of this article is filling this gap. This study investigated the short- and long-run causality between energy consumption, gross domestic product (GDP), CO2 emissions, and ICT in Iranian economic sectors over 2002–2013. Dynamic ordinary least squares (DOLS) estimator was used to estimate the long-run relationships among the aforementioned variables. The empirical findings confirmed the presence of an environmental Kuznets curve in all the sectors, the positive effect of ICT on CO2 in the industrial sector, and the negative effect of ICT on CO2 emissions in the transportation and services sectors. The panel error correction model was employed to examine Granger causality between each pair of variables. ICT is the cause of energy consumption in the industry. Furthermore, the results suggested the existence of bidirectional short-run causality between ICT and CO2 in the industrial and transportation sectors and a unidirectional causal relationship between ICT and CO2 in the services sector. Finally, there is unidirectional long-run causality running from ICT, GDP, and energy consumption to CO2 emissions.


Information And Communications Technology Transportation Sectors Carbon Dioxide Emissions Industrial Sector Gross Domestic Product Panel Error Correction Model Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares Energy Consumption Panel Causality Analysis Unidirectional Causal Relationship

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Coronavirus Research Articles published between Jan 30, 2023 to Feb 05, 2023

R DiscoveryFeb 06, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), belongs to emerging and reemergi...

Read More

Climate change Research Articles published between Jan 30, 2023 to Feb 05, 2023

R DiscoveryFeb 06, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  3

Introduction: The IOC and the Olympic Games have made a visible transition toward sustainability in the last two decades. While the IOC has acknowledg...

Read More

Gender Equality Research Articles published between Jan 30, 2023 to Feb 05, 2023

R DiscoveryFeb 06, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Gender inequity in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Medicine (STEM) fields, including parasitology, continues to limit the participation of women...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19


Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.