Auris, nasus, larynx | VOL. 48
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Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy among the old and oldest-old populations - A case control study.

Publication Date Oct 1, 2021

Abstract

Despite increased risks of nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) with age, and the continuous growth of the old population proportion, data on endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (eDCR) among the old is lacking. This study aims to evaluate long-term eDCR efficacy and safety in the old and oldest-old population. A retrospective case-control study of patients aged 80≤ (oldest-old) and 65-79 (old) compared with younger controls who underwent eDCR, between 2002 and 2017. Pre-, intra- and postoperative factors were collected using an integrated hospital-community system. Success rates were analyzed and measured at the first visit following surgery (immediate success), and after five years. Demographics, comorbidities, complications rates, and outcomes were compared between the groups. The study groups included 52 oldest-old patients (mean age 83.4±3.6), 127 old patients (72.3±4.14) and 142 control patients (57.8±18.0). The immediate and success rates were 94.2%, 93.7% and 90.8% and five-year success rates were 80.0%, 76.6% and 80% among oldest-old, old and controls, respectively. No significant differences in success rates were found, even despite higher comorbidity rates among the study's group (96 and 92.8% vs. 63.2%, among oldest-old, old and controls respectively, p<0.001). Intra- and postoperative complications rates were low in all groups. Among older population, including oldest-old and old, eDCR safety and long-term outcomes are comparable with younger patients, suggesting that eDCR should be offered to NLDO patients, regardl...

Concepts

Oldest-old Populations Oldest-old Population Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction Endoscopic Dacryocystorhinostomy Significant Differences In Success Rates Five-year Success Rates Success Rates Case Control Study Higher Comorbidity Rates Older Population

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