iScience | VOL. 25
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EMT alterations in the solute carrier landscape uncover SLC22A10/A15 imposed vulnerabilities in pancreatic cancer.

Publication Date May 20, 2022

Abstract

The involvement of membrane-bound solute carriers (SLCs) in neoplastic transdifferentiation processes is poorly defined. Here, we examined changes in the SLC landscape during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of pancreatic cancer cells. We show that two SLCs from the organic anion/cation transporter family, SLC22A10 and SLC22A15, favor EMT via interferon (IFN) α and γ signaling activation of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 1 (ROR1) expression. In addition, SLC22A10 and SLC22A15 allow tumor cell accumulation of glutathione to support EMT via the IFNα/γ-ROR1 axis. Moreover, a pan-SLC22A inhibitor lesinurad reduces EMT-induced metastasis and gemcitabine chemoresistance to prolong survival in mouse models of pancreatic cancer, thus identifying new vulnerabilities for human PDAC.

Concepts
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Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition
Receptor 1
Solute Carriers
Mouse Models Of Pancreatic Cancer
Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition Alterations
Survival In Mouse Models
Transporter Family
Pancreatic Cancer
Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition Of Cells
Vulnerabilities In Cancer

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