Brain and nerve | VOL. 68
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[Emotional and Motivational Functions of the Prefrontal Cortex].

Publication Date Nov 1, 2016

Abstract

Patients with the damage to the orbital region of the prefrontal cortex and monkeys with lesions in this area show impairment in emotional and motivational behavior. They also have difficulty in the extinction of learned behavior and in the reversal learning. This brain area is concerned with not only the value estimation of reward and aversive stimuli but also the expectation of these stimuli. The lateral prefrontal cortex plays an important role in the integration of emotion/motivation and cognition. The medial prefrontal cortex is concerned with action selection based on the previous reward history. The ventrolateral prefrontal cortex that comprises the anterior parts of the orbital and inferior medial prefrontal cortex plays an important role in emotion-based decision-making.

Concepts
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Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex
Prefrontal Cortex
Emotion-based Decision-making
Aversive
Lateral Prefrontal Cortex
Reversal Learning
Action Selection
Motivational Behavior
Emotional
Monkeys

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