Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | VOL. 51
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Emissions of greenhouse gases in terrestrial areas pre-existing to hydroelectric plant reservoirs in the Amazon: The case of Belo Monte hydroelectric plant

Publication Date Nov 1, 2015

Abstract

Abstract Hydroelectric generation is important in many countries. In Brazil, it accounts for over 70% of this generation. Despite a renewable energy source, there is great concern about potential emissions of greenhouse gases produced by the hydropower reservoirs. Pre-existing reservoirs creation, the greenhouse gas measurements should considered to calculating the net contribution of each project. Net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from hydropower reservoirs has been defined as the differences between balances of GHG emissions and removals during post- and pre-impoundment regimes of mass transport and storage in the affected area Due to the expansion of this type of energy to Brazil׳s Amazon region, this study was developed to evaluate emissions of pre-existing terrestrial areas of the future Belo Monte located in the Amazon region. Four campaigns were carried out over a period of one year, fifteen areas sampled in each campaign, scattered in areas with vegetation of forest and grassland. The carbon dioxide fluxes (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) of soils were measured. The median values of CH4 emissions were 9.97±3.55 mg CH4 m−2 d−1 and 11.34±1.62 mg CH4 m−2 d−1 for pasture and forest, respectively. For CO2 in the pasture was 10448.41±3036.48 mg CO2 m−2 d−1 and 8004.50±1314.98 mg CO2 m−2 d−1 for forest. The median fluxes for N2O were near zero, and 0.78±0.56 mg N2O m−2 d−1 for pasture and 0.67±0.29 mg N2O m−2 d−1 for forest. The study showed that the terrestrial areas previous reservoir creation act as potentia...

Concepts

Hydropower Reservoirs Terrestrial Areas Amazon Region Greenhouse Gas Measurements Net Greenhouse Gas Belo Monte Carbon Dioxide Fluxes Reservoir Creation Greenhouse Gas Vegetation Of Forest

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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