Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications | VOL. 30
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Effects of dose change on the success of clinical trials

Publication Date Dec 1, 2022

Abstract

The search for disease modifying therapies in Alzheimers disease (AD) has recently led to promising results but also revealed design issues in clinical trials themselves. Of particular importance is the potential statistical challenges that can arise when dosages change after an interim analysis, which is not uncommon in contemporary AD trials. Following the recent Aducanumab trials, we sought to study the implications of dose changes on the statistical power of an AD trial. We conducted extensive simulations to calculate statistical power when the relationship between treatment effect size and time is linear or non-linear, and the investigated drug has delayed treatment effect or not. Statistical power depends on many design factors including the dose change time, correlation, population homogeneity, and treatment effect time. We recommend that researchers conduct simulation studies at the interim analysis to justify the modified sample size and/or follow-up time modification meanwhile the type I and II error rates are controlled.

Concepts

Design Issues In Clinical Trials Delayed Treatment Effect Alzheimers Disease Trials Treatment Effect Size Statistical Power Design Issues In Trials Treatment Effect Dose Change Interim Analysis Alzheimers Disease

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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