To investigate the effect of different concentrations of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on collagen formation via periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLFs) on the surface of demineralised diseased tooth roots. Various PDLFs were grown from tissue explants, with the cells between the fifth and eighth passage in the culture used. Human whole blood obtained from healthy subjects was collected in tubes containing an anticoagulant (acid-citrate-dextrose) and centrifuged (1300rpm for 10min) before the supernatant PRP layer was removed. A second spin at (2000rpm for 10min) produced the PRP fraction. The effect of PRP of various concentrations on the attachment of PDLFs on the diseased root surface of human teeth demineralised with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and treated with the PRP was then investigated in terms of PRP collagen formation, with the formation observed using the Sirius red staining method. The optical density values of the experimental groups were statistically significantly higher than those of the control groups (P < 0.05), while the Sirius red staining returned positive results for both the experimental group (A) and the control group (B). The images were analysed using a histogram, and a statistically significant difference was found (P < 0.05). While PRP could promote the attachment and collagen formation of PDLFs on the diseased root surface of human teeth demineralised with EDTA and treated with PRP, the effect is potentially reduced when the dose exceeds 20%.

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