Patient Education and Counseling | VOL. 105
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Effect of a family planning program on documented emotional support and reproductive goals counseling after previable pregnancy loss

Publication Date Oct 1, 2022

Abstract

To evaluate the effect of the Ryan Program for family planning training on patient counseling surrounding previable pregnancy loss. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with first- and second-trimester miscarriages, therapeutic abortions, ectopic and molar pregnancies, from years before and after establishing a Ryan Program. We compared documentation of coping and future reproductive goals by patient factors, using chi square testing and logistic regression. We included 285 pregnancies: 138 pre-Ryan, 147 post-Ryan. Documentation of coping and future goals was greater post-Ryan than pre-Ryan (57.8% vs. 26.8% for coping, 72.8% vs. 50.7% for goals; both p<0.001). Coping was less likely to be documented for adolescents (aOR 0.02), patients of Asian race (aOR 0.08), those diagnosed in the emergency department (aOR 0.22), and those with ectopic or molar pregnancy (aOR 0.14) (all p<0.005). Coping documentation increased with second-trimester loss (aOR 6.19) and outpatient follow-up (aOR 3.41) (all p<0.005). Establishment of a Ryan Program was associated with greater attention to patient coping and goals after previable pregnancy loss. Patients experiencing medically-dangerous pregnancy losses receive less attention to their coping. Comprehensive family planning training and outpatient access may improve patient-centeredness of care for previable pregnancy loss.

Concepts

Future Goals Molar Pregnancies Second-trimester Miscarriages Second-trimester Loss Outpatient Access Reproductive Goals Therapeutic Abortions Outpatient Follow-up Family Planning Pregnancy Loss

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