Retrospective analysis revealed increased [18F]AlF-NOTA-FAPI-04 uptake in the myocardium of patients with esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). This study investigated and verified the feasibility of [18F]AlF-NOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT for detecting radiation-induced myocardial damage (RIMD). Myocardial FAPI uptake was analyzed before and during radiotherapy in thirteen ESCC patients treated with CCRT. In the animal study, a single dose of 50Gy was delivered to the cardiac apex of Wistar rats (24 rats, including 16 RIMD model rats and 8 control model rats). RIMD model rats were scanned with [18F]AlF-NOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT weekly for 12weeks, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured by magnetic resonance imaging. Dynamic, blocking, and [18F]FDG PET/CT studies (4 rats/group) were performed on RIMD rats at 5weeks post-radiation, and histopathological analyses were conducted. Increased FAPI uptake in the myocardium was found after CCRT (1.53 ± 0.53 vs 1.88 ± 0.70, P = 0.015). In RIMD rats, significantly increased FAPI uptake in the damaged myocardium was observed from the 2nd week post-radiation exposure and peaked in the 5th week. Significantly more intense tracer accumulation was observed in the damaged myocardium than in the remote myocardium, as identified by decreased [18F]FDG uptake and confirmed by autoradiography, hematoxylin-eosin, Masson's trichrome, and immunohistochemical staining. The LVEF remained unchanged at the 3rd week post-radiation exposure but was re...
Radiation-induced Myocardial Damage Post-radiation Exposure Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Decrease In Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Esophageal Squamous Cell Cancer Control Model Rats Remote Myocardium Animal Experimental Studies Clinical Phenomena
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Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.
Climate change Research Articles published between Nov 21, 2022 to Nov 27, 2022
Nov 28, 2022
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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...Read More
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