Developmental & Comparative Immunology | VOL. 135
Read

Determination of the efficacy of using a serine protease gene as a DNA vaccine to protect against Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection in Litopenaeus vannamei

Publication Date Oct 1, 2022

Abstract

Serine proteases are proteolytic enzymes that exhibit biological roles in many biological systems. Previously, a Vibrio parahaemolyticus serine protease was reported to be a virulence factor. Here, the serine protease gene of V. parahaemolyticus was investigated as a DNA vaccine against V. parahaemolyticus in Litopenaeus vannamei. The serine protease gene was mutated to replace the conserved residues His82, Asp131 and Ser231 with Gly, Asp and Pro, respectively. Then, a pcDNA3.1 vector to express mutVpSP (mutant serine protease) was constructed for in vitro and in vivo DNA vaccine investigation. In vivo mutVpSP transcriptional analysis revealed expression in various immunized white shrimp tissues, such as hemocytes, hepatopancreas, stomach, intestine, gills, and muscle. The efficiency of prevention of V. parahaemolyticus infection was investigated in vaccinated shrimp, and the lowest cumulative mortality percentage was 30%, while the control shrimp had a 60% cumulative mortality rate. The immune system was stimulated in shrimp vaccinated with the DNA vaccine. The mRNA expression of the shrimp immune-responsive genes phenoloxidase, peroxinectin and C-type lectin was significantly upregulated. Additionally, the humoral and cellular immune responses, including the PO, phagocytic, and encapsulation activities and nodule formation, were elevated. These results suggested that the serine protease could be a V. parahaemolyticus virulence determinant and that this DNA vaccine could be applied as an effective vaccine candidate for cont...

Concepts

DNA Vaccine Serine Protease Gene Serine Protease Litopenaeus Vannamei Vibrio Parahaemolyticus Infection Control Shrimp Parahaemolyticus Infection Cumulative Mortality C-type Lectin Vibrio Parahaemolyticus

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Nov 21, 2022 to Nov 27, 2022

R DiscoveryNov 28, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  2

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19

ONE PROBLEM . ONE PURPOSE . ONE PLACE

Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.