Frontiers in Immunology | VOL. 13
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Deciphering colorectal cancer immune microenvironment transcriptional landscape on single cell resolution – A role for immunotherapy

Publication Date Aug 10, 2022

Abstract

Single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) is a novel high-throughput technique that enables the investigation of a single cell’s entire transcriptome. It elucidates intricate cellular networks and generates indices that will eventually enable the development of more targeted and personalized medications. The importance of scRNA-seq has been highlighted in complex biological systems such as cancer and the immune system, which exhibit significant cellular heterogeneity. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common type of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death globally. Chemotherapy continues to be used to treat these patients. However, 5-FU has been utilized in chemotherapy regimens with oxaliplatin and irinotecan since the 1960s and is still used today. Additionally, chemotherapy-resistant metastatic CRCs with poor prognoses have been treated with immunotherapy employing monoclonal antibodies, immune checkpoint inhibitors, adoptive cell therapy and cancer vaccines. Personalized immunotherapy employing tumor-specific neoantigens allows for treating each patient as a distinct group. Sequencing and multi-omics approaches have helped us identify patients more precisely in the last decade. The introduction of modern methods and neoantigen-based immunotherapy may usher in a new era in treating CRC. The unmet goal is to better understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms that contribute to CRC pathogenesis and resistance to treatment, identify novel therapeutic targets, and make more stratified and informe...

Concepts

Role For Immunotherapy Colorectal Cancer Single Cell Resolution Neoantigen-based Immunotherapy Common Type Of Cancer Single Cell RNA Sequencing Single Cell Approaches Informed Treatment Decisions Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors Complex Biological Systems

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