In this paper, we intend to establish a rigorous mathematical relation between the Gibbons–Hawking–York (GHY) boundary term and the conserved symmetric current which arises due to Noether’s second theorem. The GHY term is necessary to ensure that the equations of motion in general relativity are well-posed, and it is a key ingredient in the thermodynamics of black holes and the derivation of the Bekenstein–Hawking entropy. Noether’s second theorem on the other hand relates the symmetries of the action to conserved quantities of the system. In this paper, we prove that the connection between the GHY term and Noether’s second theorem can be established by considering a diffeomorphism that preserves the boundary condition of the surface integral. Additionally, we also derive the associated conserved current and charge.

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