European Journal of Radiology | VOL. 158

Comparison of an optimized 3D-real IR and a 3D-FLAIR with a constant flip angle in the evaluation of endolymphatic hydrops

Publication Date Jan 1, 2023


To evaluate an optimized 3D-real IR sequence with a longer TR (16,000ms) based on the modulated flip angle technique in refocused imaging with extended echo train (MATRIX) for the endolymphatic hydrops (EH) after intravenous (IV) single-dose gadolinium (Gd) administration, and compare it with a heavily T2-weighted 3D-FLAIR sequence with a constant flip angle. The 3D-FLAIR and 3D-real IR sequences were performed in forty patients with definite Meniere's disease (MD) four hours after IV Gd administration. Image qualities of the two sequences were rated and compared. Contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of the two sequences were measured for quantitative comparison. EH was graded on the images of the two sequences by two radiologists. Scores and CNRs of the 3D-real IR were significantly higher than those of the 3D-FLAIR (P<0.05). SNRs of the two sequences were comparable between the two groups. 3D-real IR had a higher inter- and intra-observer reliability for the grading of cochlear and vestibular EH than 3D-FLAIR. Using 3D-real IR sequence, the detection rate of EH of the whole labyrinth was higher than using 3D-FLAIR (86.6% vs 73.3%, p=0.031). In the patients with unilateral MD, SNRs in the affected sides were significantly higher than the unaffected sides (P<0.05). The optimized 3D-real IR with a longer TR is a robust sequence with an improved depiction of EH after IV administration of single-dose Gd. Compared with 3D-FLAIR, it may allow a more precise evaluation and grading of EH.


Grading Of Endolymphatic Hydrops Evaluation Of Endolymphatic Hydrops 3D-real IR Constant Flip Angle Endolymphatic Hydrops Longer TR Vestibular Endolymphatic Hydrops Definite Meniere's Disease Unilateral Meniere's Disease 3D-FLAIR Sequence

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