Silibinin is a polyphenolic compound that could modulate estrogen receptor activation. Vascular dysfunction is considered a key initiator in atherosclerosis and may occur in the postmenopausal period. This manuscript compares estrogen and silibinin's impacts on factors that change endothelial function in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. 32 female Wistar rats were subdivided into control; OVX; OVX+estrogen (1mg/kg/day); and OVX+silibinin (50mg/kg/day) groups. After the experimental period, lipid profile, atherogenic indices, and histopathology of endothelium were monitored. The vascular oxidative stress, adhesion molecules, inflammatory cytokine levels, nitric oxide (NO), angiotensin-II (Ang-II), and endothelin-1 (ET-1) were also analyzed. Silibinin treatment, similar to estrogen, significantly normalized the adverse changes of OVX on vascular function, including improved lipid profile and oxidative stress, increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression, diminished inflammatory status, and reduced adhesion molecule levels, ET-1 and Ang-II substances. Our findings also revealed that the administration with estrogen or silibinin resulted in a normal endothelium layer in the aorta tissues of OVX rats. Estrogen and silibinin have similar effects in improving vascular function. These treatments' protective impacts on vasculature indicate their potential benefits on the cardiovascular system in the postmenopausal period.
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Climate change Research Articles published between Jun 20, 2022 to Jun 26, 2022
Jun 27, 2022
Articles Included: 2
One eighth of the bird species in the world is considered globally threatened; the avifauna of Iraq comprises 409 species and is considered as the maj...Read More