Molecular therapy oncolytics | VOL. 25

CCL18 promotes breast cancer progression by exosomal miR-760 activation of ARF6/Src/PI3K/Akt pathway.

Publication Date Jun 16, 2022


The small GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor 6 (ARF6) mediates chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (CCL18)-induced activation of breast cancer (BC) metastasis through its downstream effector AMAP1. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying CCL18 up-regulating ARF6 remain largely unclear. Here, microRNAs (miRNAs) that target ARF6 were predicted and selected in high metastatic BC cells treated with CCL18. Next, we assessed the role of exosomal miR-760 invitro and invivo. We further analyzed the expression of ARF6, AMAP1, and phosphorylated (p)-AMAP1 in tumor and adjacent normal tissues. We first observed that CCL18 increased the expression of ARF6 and p-AMAP1 and activated the Src/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway. ARF6 knockdown significantly impaired CCL18-induced malignant cellular behaviors and the Src/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Next, ARF6 was confirmed as a target gene of miR-760 in exosomes derived from CCL18-stimulated high metastatic BC cells. Moreover, recipient MCF-7 cells could effectively uptake these miR-760-rich exosomes that significantly promoted proliferation, tumor growth invivo, migration, invasion, and chemoresistance by activating ARF6-mediated Src/PI3K/Akt signaling and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathway. Together, our results support that exosomal miR-760 secreted by CCL18-stimulated high metastatic BC cells promoted the malignant behaviors in low metastatic BC cells by up-regulating the ARF6-mediated Src/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

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C-C Motif) Ligand 18
ADP-ribosylation Factor 6
Expression Of ADP-ribosylation Factor 6
High Metastatic Breast Cancer Cells
Low Metastatic Breast Cancer Cells
High Metastatic Cells
High Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer
Metastatic Breast Cancer Cells
Tumor Growth Invivo

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