Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular and cell biology of lipids | VOL. 1866

Carotenogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus: New insights and impact on membrane biophysical properties.

Publication Date Aug 1, 2021


Staphyloxanthin (STX) is a saccharolipid derived from a carotenoid in Staphylococcus aureus involved in oxidative-stress tolerance and antimicrobial peptide resistance. STX influences the biophysical properties of the bacterial membrane and has been associated to the formation of lipid domains in the regulation of methicillin-resistance. In this work, a targeted metabolomics and biophysical characterization study was carried out to investigate the biosynthetic pathways of carotenoids, and their impact on the membrane biophysical properties. Five different S. aureus strains were investigated, including three wild-type strains containing the crtM gene related to STX biosynthesis, a crtM-deletion mutant, and a crtMN plasmid-complemented variant. LC-DAD-MS/MS analysis of extracts allowed the identification of 34 metabolites related to carotenogenesis in S. aureus at different growth phases (8, 24 and 48h), showing the progression of these metabolites as the bacteria advances into the stationary phase. For the first time, 22 members of a large family of carotenoids were identified, including STX and STX-homologues, as well as Dehydro-STX and Dehydro-STX-homologues. Moreover, thermotropic behavior of the CH2 stretch of lipid acyl chains in live cells by FTIR, show that the presence of STX increases acyl chain order at the bacterial growth temperature. Indeed, the cooperative melting event of the bacterial membrane, which occurs around 15°C in the native strains, shifts with increased carotenoid content. These results show the dive...


Staphyloxanthin Antimicrobial Peptide Resistance Membrane Biophysical Properties Carotenoids Eve Nt Formation Of Lipid Domains Resistance Biosynthetic Pathways Of Carotenoids Bacterial Growth Temperature Increased Carotenoid Content

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Sep 19, 2022 to Sep 25, 2022

R DiscoverySep 26, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Disaster Prevention and Management ISSN: 0965-3562 Article publication date: 20 September 2022 This paper applies the theory of cascading, interconnec...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19


Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.