Nanoporous Materials for Molecule Separation and Conversion | VOL. None

Carbon capture using nanoporous adsorbents

Publication Date Jan 1, 2020


Abstract It is critical to reduce the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere to alleviate global warming effects and adsorption using solid adsorbent is a promising low energy-intensive approach for this challenge. Adsorbent development is the fundamental step to use the adsorption method for carbon capture particularly from power plant flue gases. The progress of the development of four main types of adsorbents including porous carbon, zeolites, metal-organic frameworks, and modified silica were included in this chapter. The important factors toward the CO2 adsorption capacity and selectivity for those adsorbents, such as pore structure, functionalization, water effect, and hydrothermal stability, were discussed. Some representative results were summarized in tables for each adsorbent for reference purposes. Some current challenges in the adsorbent development and application in the author’s perspective, including material cost and stability, energy consumption was provided as well.

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Power Plant Flue Gases
Carbon Capture
Nanoporous Adsorbents
CO2 Adsorption Capacity

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