Medicina clinica | VOL. 158
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Aspiration thrombectomy for acute pulmonary embolism with an intermediate-high risk.

Publication Date May 13, 2022

Abstract

The treatment of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) with an intermediate-high risk of mortality at 30 days is still not well defined, recommending the latest clinical guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology 2019 exclusively anticoagulant treatment, reducing the indication for mechanical thrombectomy to high-risk patients or intermediate-high risk patients with poor hemodynamic evolution. Our purpose is to determine the safety and efficacy of aspiration thrombectomy in intermediate-high risk patients with PE and to analyze possible differences in these results between hemodynamically unstable patients (massive PE) and hemodynamically stable patients (submassive PE). We analyzed all patients who underwent aspiration thrombectomy for PE at our tertiary university hospital during a 34-month period. We compared echocardiographic parameters (right ventricular diameter, tricuspid plane annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), S' wave, and pulmonary hypertension), respiratory parameters (PaO2/FiO2 ratio), and clinical parameters recorded before and 24h after the procedure. We also analyzed bleeding complications and mortality. In the 42 patients included (16 with massive PE and 26 with submassive PE), aspiration thrombectomy resulted in significant improvements in right ventricular diameter, TAPSE, S' wave, andPaO2/FiO2 ratio. Of the 8 patients administered fibrinolysis, 4 developed bleeding complications. Only one direct complication of the procedure was observed (pulmonary artery rupture). Eight patients died in the acute pha...

Concepts

Intermediate-high Risk Patients Pulmonary Embolism Respiratory Parameters Submassive Pulmonary Embolism Massive Pulmonary Embolism Efficacy Of Aspiration Thrombectomy Aspiration Thrombectomy Treatment Of Acute Pulmonary Embolism Intermediate-high Risk Pulmonary Artery Rupture

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