Journal of Chromatographic Science

An HPLC–MS/MS Method for Pharmacokinetic Study of Y-99: A Novel Diuretic Agent Targeting Urea Transporters

Publication Date Nov 11, 2022


Abstract Y-99, a promising first-in-class diuretic, is a novel urea transporter inhibitor with oral diuretic activity. However, little is known about the pharmacokinetic profiles of Y-99 in experimental animals. In this study, a method of quantitative determination of Y-99 in rat plasma based on high-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry was developed and validated in selectivity, linearity, recovery and matrix effect, accuracy and precision, stability, carry-over and dilution integrity. Chromatographic separation was conducted on an ACQUITY BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7 μm) with gradient elution at a 0.3 mL/min flow rate after protein precipitation. Mass spectrometry was performed by a positive electrospray ionization mass spectrometer in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The method showed standard-compliant linearity (1–1,000 ng/mL, r = 0.9991). The intra-day and inter-day accuracy (relative error < 11.2%) and precision (coefficient of variation <8.4%) were within acceptable criteria. The recovery and matrix effects were 97.3–110.7% and 103.7–107.5%, respectively. The stability, dilution integrity and carry-over of the method were also within the acceptable criteria. Pharmacokinetic profiles of Y-99 in rats were first investigated using this method, which was vital for developing novel diuretics without electrolyte imbalance targeting urea transporters.


Dilution Integrity ACQUITY BEH C18 Column Urea Transporter Inhibitor Acceptable Criteria Multiple Reaction Monitoring Mode Matrix Effect High-performance Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry Urea Transporters Inter-day Accuracy Protein Precipitation

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