iScience | VOL. 25

Affordable clean energy transition in developing countries: Pathways and technologies.

Publication Date May 20, 2022


The priority of developing countries in the clean energy transition is to attain industrialization primarily with low-carbon energy sources; this presents challenges that industrialized nations did not experience. Developing economies need to grapple with the question: "Should sustainable human development be achieved at the price of economic growth?" Therefore, this article brings perspective to the theme of clean energy transition for development. We highlight three peculiarities of developing economies which will strongly influence their approach to the clean transition: low grid capacity and inefficiency, lower rates of urbanization, and youth demographics. Owing to these, effective low-cost technologies and novel pathways that can facilitate clean transition in a sustainable socio-economic framework are needed. In particular, we propose that mature dispatchable low-carbon energy sources should be prioritized as a strategy to harness local natural resources, and maximize existing indigenous skilled labor. The perspective also highlights several recommendations to help researchers and policy makers look more critically into possible solutions for the Global South's timely participation in the clean energy transition without sacrificing economic growth potentials.

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Clean Energy Transition
Price Of Economic Growth
Low-carbon Energy Sources
Youth Demographics
Sustainable Human Development
Dispatchable Energy Sources
Indigenous Labor
Dispatchable Sources
Economic Growth
Dispatchable Energy

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