Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a method used to capture CO2 that is produced via the combustion of fossil fuels and then store it away from the atmosphere for a long time. The focus of CCS is on power generation and industrial sectors, mainly because they emit such a large volume of carbon dioxide that the capture and storage there will be the most beneficial. The most researched/developed ways to capture CO2 are pre-combustion capture, post-combustion capture, and oxyfuel combustion capture. Once the carbon dioxide is captured, it can either be stored underground or stored in the ocean. Source of CO2 seriously affecting our planet. The major factor in increased global warming comes from carbon dioxide emission. Coal fire power plants, cement/brick factories, oil refineries, natural gas wells, and transportation all emit CO2 from the burning of fossil fuels.  Many countries are planning to set mandatory caps on CO2 emissions, causing companies to develop and test methods to mitigate their carbon footprint. This study focuses on the processes and techniques of CCS technology as well as challenges and policy concerns.

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