The use of the N-phosphinoamidinato NHC-diborene catalyst 2 for hydroboration is described. The N-phosphinoamidine tBu2PN(H)C(Ph)═N(2,6-iPr2C6H3) was reacted with nBuLi in Et2O to afford the lithium derivative, which was then treated with B2Br4(SMe2)2 in toluene to form the N-phosphinoamidinate-bridged diborane 1. It was reacted with the N-heterocyclic carbene IMe (:C{N(CH3)C(CH3)}2) and excess potassium graphite at room temperature in toluene to give the N-phosphinoamidinato NHC-diborene compound 2. It can stoichiometrically activate ammonia-borane and carbon dioxide. It also showed catalytic capability. A 2 mol % portion of 2 catalyzed the hydroboration of carbon dioxide (CO2) with pinacolborane (HBpin) in deuterated benzene (C6D6) at 110 °C (conversion >99%), which afforded the methoxyborane [pinBOMe] (yield 97.8%, TOF 33.3 h-1) and the bis(boryl) oxide [(pinB)2O]. In addition, 5 mol % of 2 catalyzed the N-formylation of secondary and primary amines by carbon dioxide and pinacolborane to yield the N-formamides (average yield 91.6%, TOF 25.9 h-1). Moreover, 2 showed chemoselectivity toward catalytic hydroboration of carbonyl compounds. In mechanistic studies, the B═B double bond in compound 2 activated the substrates, the intermediates of which then underwent hydroboration with pinacolborane to yield the products and regenerate catalyst 2.

Full Text

Published Version
Open DOI Link

Get access to 115M+ research papers

Discover from 40M+ Open access, 2M+ Pre-prints, 9.5M Topics and 32K+ Journals.

Sign Up Now! It's FREE

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call