Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia is a myeloid stem cell disease characterized by an abnormal production and accumulation of monocytic cells in association with other signs of myeloproliferation. Extramedullary manifestations of CMML are common and can affect the spleen, liver skin, and lymph nodes. However, otologic manifestations are extremely rare and could have occurred from either direct leukemic infiltration, hemorrhage of the cochlea, labyrinth, leukostasis, or infection. There is no standard treatment protocol for sensorineural hearing loss in CMML patients. More research is needed to improve the understanding of the pathogenesis of this condition, in order to provide better treatment options.

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